Moses told the people the words of the Lord; whether they were willing to submit to these laws or not. Solemn made a covenant between God and Israel. God separated himself to a peculiar group of people he governed.
“And Moses came and told the people all the words of the Lord, and all the judgments: and all the people answered with one voice and said, All the words which the Lord hath said will we do.”
Moses built an altar and set up twelve stone pillars representing the twelve tribes of Israel. Then he sent young Israelite men, and they offered burnt offerings and sacrificed young bulls as fellowship offerings to the Lord. Moses took half of the blood and put it in bowls and the other half he splashed against the altar. Then he took the Book of the Covenant and read it to the people. They responded, “We will do everything the Lord has said; we will obey.”
Moses then took the blood, sprinkled it on the people and said, “This is the blood of the covenant that the Lord has made with you in accordance with all these words.”
This solemn agreement, this two-sided covenant, was put into effect with blood. An altar was made to represent the Lord, twelve pillars of stone representing the twelve tribes Israel.
God hid the greatness of his splendor, so that they could see his presence. We need a new covenant, a better covenant and a one-sided covenant that depends entirely on God and not on us. We need God’s gracious, unconditional promise.