It is said with respect to judges and witnesses, that the one should not bear false witness in a court of judgement to the perversion of justice and the other should not pronounce an unrighteous sentence, justifying the wicked and condemning the righteous.
“Ye shall do no unrighteousness in judgment: thou shalt not respect the person of the poor, nor honor the person of the mighty: but in righteousness shalt thou judge thy neighbor.”
In a court of judicature, when a cause is brought before it; though privately it may be respected, and relieved in distress as a poor man; but in a court of justice a person and character as a poor man are not to be regarded; the cause is not to be given either for him/her or against him/her on that account, without regard to the justice and equity of it; he/she may be pitied in other respects but in a cause between him and another, even a rich man not pity but justice must take place.
The cause against him/her, if is wrong; his riches, his grandeur, his honor, must not came into any account, or have any weight or influence on the court to pervert justice: suggest that there was to be no difference between a rich man and a poor man while their cause was trying; that they were to be clothed either both in a rich habit, or both in a mean one; and that their posture was to be alike, whether sitting or standing; as well as that no favors should be shown to one more than to another; as that one might have liberty to speak as much and as long as he pleases.
To judge our neighbor in righteousness, it is our duty to consider those motives which may corrupt our judgment. We are to examine how far we have righteously judged those to whom we never have been connected in friendship; those whom chance has separated from us by rank, and wealth; nature by talents; education by opinions. We are entitled to judge others righteously.